Ovine Legislation in the European Union
Purebred Breeding Ovine Animals
The main directive on this subject is Council Directive 89/361/EEC dated 30 May 1989 on Purebred Breeding Sheep and Goats. In the Directive, the definition of purebred breeding sheep and goats is defined as “sheep and goats whose parents and grandparents have entered or registered in the pedigree of the same breed and are suitable for registration or at the box office in this register”. The definition of pedigree is made by taking “any book, record or data medium in which purebred sheep and goats are accepted and registered to the race they belong to, with reference to their origins, established by a breeder association or organization or official institution officially approved by the Member State”. By law, Member States may not prevent or restrict the approval of governing associations that establish intra-union trade or genealogies of breeding sheep and goats and their semen, ova or embryos on zootechnical grounds.
The Approval of Breeders’ Associations
The Commission Opinion No 90/254/EEC dated 10 May 1990 was created and put into effect for the necessary criteria to ensure the ratification of these associations. these criteria; The Member State to which the application is to be made must have legal personality under the legislation in force.. They must demonstrate that they can use farm animal yield data as necessary within breed development or breed preservation programs. The breeder’s association should define the characteristics of the breed(s), the animal identification system, the pedigree record system, the objectives of the breeding purposes should be explained, a series rule should be determined for the evaluation of the yield data and the genetic value of the animal, especially the union rules should be included that no discrimination can be made between the members.
Performance and Genetic Value Estimation
According to Commission Opinion No 90/256/EEC of 10 May 1990, yield tests of sheep and goats should be carried out in a station or farm environment; recording of milk quantities and genetic evaluation of milk characteristics of females should be defined in fertility and other tests.
Acceptance for Breeding
Without any prejudice, every male and female purebred sheep and goat registered in the pedigree should be accepted as breeding stock. The use of male purebred breeding sheep and goats for artificial insemination and their semen (if performance monitoring tests and genetic evaluation results are appropriate) should be accepted. Purebred female sheep and goats should be considered as breeders and the use of their semen, ova and embryos should also be accepted. Collection, processing and storage of semen, ova, and embryos should be carried out at officially approved centers or by officially approved personnel.
Based on the basic directive 89/361/EEC, member states may request that breeding sheep-goats, their semen ova and embryos accompany them, during intra-union trade, to have a pedigree certificate issued by breeders’ associations. According to the opinion of the commission dated 10 May 1990 and numbered 90/258 /EEC;
-Name of the institution issuing the certificate
-The name of the genealogy, the order in which it was registered,
-The date the certificate was issued
-Identification system name, identification number
-Animal owner’s name-address
-Performance values and genetic value results of himself and his family
-The date of artificial insemination or breeding of the bull in pregnant animals and the bull’s identification number
-Signature and issue date and place of the signers who issued the document should be.
Veterinary and Zootechnical Controls
There are a number of general precautionary controls carried out during intra-Union trade and imports from third countries. These are health requirements, veterinary and zootechnical controls in animals, animal products and products. The legislation regulating these controls is “Council Directive 90/425/EEC dated 26 June 19990, on veterinary and zootechnical controls applicable to certain animals and products within the union in order to complement the internal market”. According to the directive;Animal and products;- It should come from the business, center or organizations where regular veterinary checks are made,- originate from businesses or regions that are subject to restrictions due to suspected or existing diseases for certain diseases specific to animals or animal products,- It must be identified and recorded in accordance with the Union legislation,- Accompany with health certificates and other appropriate documents during shipment and to the destination,- must have been sent from the state or region of origin that provides adequate health guarantees for the Member State of destination,- They should be transported in accordance with the hygiene rules in force.If the Competent authority at the time of control detects a disease agent or if the state of origin of animals and products is dangerous; it may take measures such as the return, quarantine or destruction of the animals or products in question.